Slipped Disc Treatment

Prolapsed Disc(Slipped Disc)
     A prolapsed disc often causes severe lower back pain. The disc often presses on a nerve root which can cause pain and other symptoms in a leg. In most cases,the symptoms ease off gradually over several weeks. The usual advice is to do normal activities as much as possible.
    The spine is made up of many bones called vertebrae. These are roughly circular and between each vertebra is a disc. The discs are made of strong rubber-like tissue which allows the spine to be fairly flexible. A disc has a stronger fibrous outer part, and a soft jelly-like middle part called the nucleus pulpos us.
       The spinal cord, which contains the nerves that come from the brain, is protected by the spine. Nerves from the spinal cord come out from between the vertebrae to relay messages to and from various parts of the body.
       Strong ligaments attach to the vertebrae.These give extra support and strength to the spine. Various muscles also surround, and are attached to, various parts of the spine.

Prolapsed Disc
      When you have a prolapsed disc (commonly called a slipped disc), a disc does not actually slip. What happens is that part of the inner softner part of the disc(the nucleus pulposus) bulges out (herniates) through a weakness in the outer part of the disc. A prolapsed disc is some times called a herniated disc.The bulging disc may press on nearby structures such as a nerve coming from the spinal cord. Some inflammation also develops around the prolapsed part of the disc.
       Any disc in the spine can prolapse.However, most prolapsed discs occur in the lumbar part of the spine (lower back). The size of the prolapse can vary. As a rule, the larger the prolapse,the more severe the symptoms are likely to be.
     The most common age to develop a prolapsed disc is between 30 and 50 years.Twice as many men as women are affected.

Causes of Disc Prolapse-
According to Dr. S.K PATHAK disc prolapse is a neurological problem.

Symptoms of Disc Prolapse-
Back pain
      The pain is often severe, and usually comes on suddenly. The pain is usually eased by lying down flat, and is often made worse if you move your back, cough,or sneeze.

Nerve root pain (usually sciatica)
       Nerve root pain is pain that occurs because a nerve coming from the spinal cord is pressed on (trapped) by a prolapsed disc, or is irritated by the inflammation caused by the prolapsed disc. Although the problem is in the back,you feel pain along the course of the nerve in addition to back pain.Therefore, you may feel pain down a leg to the calf or foot. Nerve root pain can range from mild to severe, but it is of ten worse than the back pain. With a prolapsed disc, the sciatic nerve is the most commonly affected nerve. (The term sciatica means nerve root pain of the sciatic nerve.) The sciatic nerve is a large nerve that is made up from several smaller nerves that come out from the spinal cord in the lower back. It travels deep inside the buttock and down the back of the leg. There is a sciatic nerve for each leg. Other nerve root symptoms
The irritation or pressure on the nerve next to the spine may also cause pins and needles, numbness or weakness in part of a buttock, leg or foot. The exact site and type of symptoms depend on which nerve is affected.
     Caudaequ in a syndrome - rare, but an emergency
      Caudaequ in a syndrome is a particularly serious type of nerve root problem that can be caused by a prolapsed disc. This is a rare disorder where the nerves at the very bottom of the spinal cord are pressed on. This syndrome can cause low back pain plus:problems with bowel and bladder function (usually unable to pass urine),numbness in the saddle area (around the anus), and weakness in one or both legs. This syndrome needs urgent treatment to preserve the nerves to the bladder and bowel from becoming permanently damaged. See a doctor immediately if you develop these symptoms.
Some people do not have symptoms     
Research studies where routine back scans have been done on a large number of people have shown that some people have a prolapsed disc without any symptoms.It is thought that symptoms mainly occur if the prolapse causes pressure on or irritation of a nerve. This does not happen in all cases. Some prolapses may be small, or occur away from the nerves and cause minor or no symptoms.
    From the symptoms and by examining the patient. (It is the common cause of sudden back-pain with nerve root symptoms.
        Test such as X-rays or scans may be advised if symptoms persist. In particular, an MRI scan can show the site and size of a prolapsed disc.
 Slip disc best treatment without surgery in India
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